Match points in bridge

Licensed Tournament. Dec 03, 2019 · Pos Pair Players Original Score% Handicap Score% Adjusted Score% 1: 2: Phil Murphy & Margaret Fitzgerald +65. The segment was permitted a maximum transverse offset of ap-proximately 0. Therefore, once the opponents double you into a game contract, there is no reason to bid further unless you think you can make slam. If you’d like to contact me, or read any of the bridge articles/features I’ve written, you can do so through my website: www. College Placement Program tennis players will go through our P. If your club game results are not posted, please contact your club owner/manager. Packages are available from £195 +VAT. Even at this level, play is virtually instantaneous. The ABF Masterpoints Centre to look up your masterpoints. There are penalty points for each tile drawn, but points are awarded when you finally make a match. com – which has lots of free bridge articles and instruction). There is no standard conversion table, but here is an example table for a 24-board match: At match point you focus on the maximum number of tricks avaible At IMPs you focus on the exact number of tricks needed. NSWBA. At duplicate, though, this will be a poor matchpoint score. Many employees would gather over lunch and enjoy a bridge game! As IBM employees retired, they became active members of Rochester Duplicate Bridge Club. In a Teams Tournament each match is scored in IMPs, then based on the IMPs each team is awarded some Victory Points (VPs). A bid is when you state out loud to the rest of the players how many "tricks" (or hands) your team will The scoring will be based on special match points created specifically for this in the spirit of International Match Points (IMP) rather than standard match points. Nothing can be said Nov 29, 2019 · Produced by ScoreBridge from www. It flattens out the scoring, Only the winning bid team will be allowed to make points towards their game score if they succeed in meeting or exceeding their bet. Beaver: redouble. Contract Bridge was invented in the 1920's and in the following decades it was popularised especially in the USA by Ely Culbertson. 1 Responding to a Suit Opening at the 2-Level 3. A grand slam is a contract at the 7-level. In the top table, add the names of all the pairs playing. The net total IMP result for a match is converted to victory points using a scale printed inside the convention card. ♠ ONLINE POINTS are awarded for Internet masterpoint events and are colorless. This lesson is about the play of the hand at matchpoint scoring, the method that is used regularly at virtually every duplicate bridge club. Bridge currently occupies a position of great prestige, and is more comprehensively organised than any other card game. Features: - Realistic physics - Addictive theme - Challenging levels - Blow up armies, military trucks and tanks! The bookmaker prices are not helping for this match result prediction. So the maximum match points possible is 12 x 14 boards = 168. 83-6. For example you could have all 13 cards in any one of the 4 suits. Jun 12, 1999 · A version of this article appears in print on , Section B, Page 12 of the National edition with the headline: BRIDGE; How to Win at Match Points: Double the Bold Part Scores. The more pairs compete for each board the higher the match points to be divided. A match usually takes around three hours. Introduction. 1 Responding to Two Clubs Opening 2 opening is a strong opening which shows 22+ points. Especially after the disappointing result during the week The as the profile goes through superelevation, this point will rise or fall to match. In teams scoring, using IMP (International Match Point) scoring, it is the amount by which you beat the opposition which is significant. In matchpoint scoring each contestant is awarded, for scores made by different contestants who have played the same board and whose scores are compared with his: Jun 13, 2019 · On Thursday, the highly anticipated ICC World Cup 2019 match between India and New Zealand at the Trent Bridge in Nottingham was called off due to rain. Nov 18, 2019 · “Low bridge, we’re coming to a town,” the old barge song continues, and these days many of those towns on New York’s Western Erie Canal and Seneca Lake are spellbinding waterfront villages. 30pm to assist the director of the day. The Nassau-Suffolk Bridge Association (NSBA) represents Long Island's bridge players in a wide variety of bridge activities that take place at the local, district, regional and national levels each year. Jun 21, 2019 · David Warner scored his second hundred in the ICC Cricket World Cup 2019 as Australia beat Bangladesh by 48 runs in the 26 th match at Trent Bridge in Nottingham on Thursday. 89-8. For instructions on how to configure the SPS settings on your WAP, click here. Fiels Bridge Club Wednesday 4 December 19 Bridge on Tuesday 3rd December Match Points Master Pts Pair MPs/Max Score% (Club) North / South 3- Dublicate Bridge: In this type of bridge, players at the different tables play the same deals. There are two basic types of duplicate bridge normally played in clubs and tournaments: Pairs: In a pairs game, you play with one partner and sit either N/S or E/W. points, long run. We have 1 answer for this clue. C Points. A high board on  26 Jul 2009 Bridge League) to score our duplicate bridge games and web sites to display For each pair that beats you, you score zero (0) match points. Each competition is termed a match, and each player must play in his designated position or direction (N, E, S, or W) for the entire match. Tournaments conducted by State or other bodies in cooperation with the ABF are. Dear Bridge Players, I’m honored to have been invited back for the sixth straight year to write the analysis for the 2012 ACBL Instant Matchpoint Game. ♠ BLACK POINTS are awarded for overall positions, section positions, and match awards in ACBL sanctioned club games; in all unit events; and in all other levels of tournament competition except those in which gold, red, or silver points or online points are awarded. Bonus points are additional points you receive for making the contract you bid. 25 +67. Bridge by Neural Play installed and performed flawlessly on our Kindle Fire HDX 8. We preferred the latter. Remember that your true opponents are those who will replay the hand. Team events are usually either Swiss, Knockouts, or Board-A-Match. Casual events will not allocate C-points and clubs not affiliated to NZ Bridge will no longer show C-points. In duplicate bridge, the elements are added together and represented as a single directed number which can be compared with other tables directly. These points are multiplied by two or quadrupled respectively if the contract has been doubled or redoubled. In the second case, more game points are better than fewer, but the scale is more graduated. The 1NT complex is a pivotal battle ground at pairs. How to Score Duplicate Bridge Hands Page 2 of 8 Important Definitions: A partscore contract is any contract less than game. The same is done for the EW pairs. Aboard Weak Moment, our 32-foot trawler, we’ve now seen quite a few of them. Cappelletti Convention - Bidding Guide p. Deviations from that norm have implications in your decisions. Friday December 6 2019 Match Points Master Pts Pair MPs/Max Score% (Club) Bridge World Standard (BWS 2017) is the standard system developed by The Bridge World magazine based on the preferred methods of leading American experts. West. Bridge Scoring Programs . Many play multiple times a week, and there is an evening game to accommodate bridge players still working. Brig equalised on 43 minutes with a penalty of their own, Ali Waddecar continuing the theme of being fouled in the box and scoring the penalty Sep 30, 2019 · How to Write a Bridge for a Song. BAM: Board-a-match. Inveterate whist players, unwilling to forgo their game merely because there were only three available players, played a game called “dummy” (with one hand exposed) long before any bridge game was known or willingly played. As you do so, the names of the pairs will automatically appear in the bottom auction doesn’t match, that somebody has erred. Sessions Monday and Saturday from 12. So at match points you just try for the maximum number of tricks, that means you have to try to make all the tricks avaible on each suit when it is divided as expected (3-2 normally), and safety plays hardly come into play. Used in over 3000 clubs in 63 countries 200+ movements Supports wireless scoring systems Jun 13, 2019 · Match highlights, India vs New Zealand Match 18: Match called off without a ball bowled, points shared Live Cricket Score IND vs NZ in Cricket World Cup 2019 Match 18. After winning nine of their last 10 games terline points were then used to set the segment in match-cast position. Only contract points are entered below the line and counted towards games, all others are bonuses. . 4. In 2007, my wife and I moved to Soleil, an active 55+ community north of Canton GA, stocked with many bridge players. In Auction Bridge a small slam is worth 50 points above the line and a grand slam is worth 100. The outfield still pretty wet and we will have another inspection at 1. You will follow the ranking all along the tournament, displayed on a track. There are three categories of Master Point awards: A Rubber bridge is a form of contract bridge played by two competing pairs using a particular method of scoring. 1. When you pin your opponent, the match is over and you are the winner. Topics how to count points opening bids responses opener's rebids overcalls responding to an overcall takeout doubles responding to a takeout double 3-level competitive bidding bidding quiz If you are a cautious bidder,and stay out of a makeable game, you lose 250 points (6 IMPs) non-vulnerable, or 450 points (10 IMPs) vulnerable. 5A Pairs; 5A Teams & Swiss Pairs; 10A Points. Both India and New Zealand will share a point between each other. E. When playing pairs we generally use Match Points (MPs)  If you're accustomed to playing rubber bridge, then matchpoint games will seem Every time you make a game contract at matchpoints, you receive 300 points  At the end of the competition the director (or scorer) awards match points (the pairs) and so score 12 match points (This shows the importance of overtricks!) 19 Sep 2018 Duplicate bridge games are often scored using matchpoints (MP). Bridge: Opening/defending 1NT. There are some differences in the bidding, but these are subtle   Matchpoints; IMPs (Teams); Scoring sheet. The program offers a variety of level of play, playing best on level 5. At the end of the session, each pairs' scores are totalled, and expressed as a percentage of the total matchpoints available. Does it matter when you reach 400, ie in the middle of a turn or at the end of a turn? Also can you play in the postion for a bridge yet not make the bridge, ie the point does does not match, it is a normal go scoring normally? Jun 20, 2019 · Australia vs Bangladesh LIVE SCORE, ICC Cricket World Cup 2019 Match Updates: Stoinis with the last rites. Chicago, or four-deal bridge, is most often used for small card parties in which several tables are used. Written in 2004, it includes some of his most famous deals and bridge stories. The percentage is the actual match points scored out of the possible maximum match points. East Anglian Bridge Weekend - March 2nd and 3rd 2019. Your MP on each hand is based on your score on that hand compared to the  Personally I prefer pairs and MPs. 15A Pairs; 15A Teams & Swiss Lampard on transfer ban lifted – ‘Picture has changed, we must get it right’ A couple hours after learning the news that his club’s transfer ban has been reduced after our appeal to the Court of Arbitration for Sport, Frank Lampard was able to comment on it during his pre-match media conference. In the first case, a difference of as little as game ten points can get you from an average to a top or bottom match score. In rubber bridge, scores are entered above and below the line. If you have WAP581 access points, disable SPS or clustering first before configuring the WorkGroup Bridge settings. Certain matches, such as closing a hexagon or building a bridge, earn players as many as 50 bonus points. Duplicate Pairs, Teams of 4, Swiss Pairs, Swiss Teams and Individuals. If you don't have a matching tile, draw from the stock until you get a match. West must get zero matchpoints   Understand the scoring method generally used in teams events – that is to say, International Match. 5 0 0. International Match Points within the card game of contract bridge is a measurement for conversion of the absolute contract bridge scores. After 8:00PM daily, all youths age 17 and under must be accompanied by a parent or guardian who is 21 years or older, or they will be asked to leave the property. Nov 06, 2019 · Champions League nights at the Bridge rarely disappoint. level 1. Jun 08, 2018 · Bridge power couple Daniel Korbel and Sylvia Shi will discuss their 10 favorite deals in special videos after the game. Points or IMPs. Of the approximately 200 ships the Vikings arrived with, only around 25 were needed to return the survivors to Norway. 45pm till approx 4. 4: Pin Bearing for Bridges. There are clubs, tournaments and championships throughout the world. scorebridge. Continue browsing in r Nov 06, 2019 · What a box office game of Champions League football at Stamford Bridge this midweek. During a bridge match there are a number of bonus points and penalties that can be scored. This chapter presents ACBL rules and regulations pertaining to The simplest way to score duplicate bridge. The N-S Pair Numbers are listed horizontally, while the Board Numbers are listed vertically. That is where the Duplicate Bridge Scoring App can make your life easier. Rubber bridge is the simplest form for four players and is frequently played in casual games among friends. 18 Honour cards retaining and displaying your card after each trick. Because, opener's hand may be enough for a game without any help from responder. Adding points. Once a team has won 2 games, the match is over. Nothing can be said about the differece of perfomance in the long term. Shop for wireless bridge at Best Buy. If nobody gets pinned, the winner is the wrestler who has scored the most points during the match. Choose your search basis below. Presentation of the Match Points Next the match points on each board are listed. Bridge-Game. 9 mm) and a horizontal rotation of not more than 0. This card game is a four player in which two players play as partners against the other two, with a standard deck of 52 cards. Use the search tool below to find your local ACBL sanctioned club game results. In backgammon, to beaver is to redouble Jan 23, 2006 · The score reflects the actual gain in points over the other pairs or the DATUM for the board. Make a copy of the appropriate template file, give the file a suitable name, open the file and change the heading to suit. After completing a degree, you’ll have coins and points. Scoring is done by matchpoints (see the article on matchpoint scoring for more details). The bidding system is aimed at finding the cheapest game contracts, 3NT 4H and 4S, and for these the partnership usually needs 26+ points. Take appropriate May 20, 2014 · This is a summary of the 2014 update to the World Bridge Federation suggested scoring for Teams matches. Dec 15, 2008 · Killyleagh Bridge Club Monday 27 October 08 Scored by Gerry Fitzgerald North / South Pos, Pair, Players, Match Points /Tops Score % Master Points Club Small Slams Grand Slams 1 3 Patricia Hyland & Patricia Douglas 165/ 288 57. Social Bridge Club member of NSW Bridge Association. C. NHL teams are transitioning away from giving bridge deals to young players and are instead giving long-term contracts at an early age. 5 Sharif, however, continued to license his name to bridge software games, and even co-authored a book with bridge writer David Bird, "Omar Sharif Talks Bridge". On the other hand, if you bid a game which fails by one trick, you lose 170,180 or 190 points (5 IMPs) non-vulnerable, or 220,230 or 240 points (6 IMPs) vulnerable. The location of points P_1 and P_2 should remain fixed relative to P_0, so they must have Point Constraints assigned fixing the relative vertical and horizontal distances. calculating (for duplicate bridge) handicaps IMPs - International Match Points match points percentages One Table scoring - Score sheets - Calculator. This is done to level off the effect of a big IMPs win, a Nov 17, 2007 · Believe me, remembering and recalling all of your big success stories is a significant hindrance to long term success. As Ruth is off the air - Results for February 16th will be posted tomorrow Sunday. All bonus points and penalties are marked above the middle line on the score sheet. A table of how to score in Bridge is one of the essential Bridge basics for any comprehensive Bridge tutorial. All other points are tallied in the bonus section of the board. REGISTER NOW. Eighteen months later, the WBF stripped the Germans of their gold medal and crowned Team USA as the 2013 D’Orsi Bowl Winners. 5B Pairs; 5B Teams; 8B Points. Clubs have also appreciated the value of the scheme with its unique incentives in helping to promote and retain club membership. Tune in to see them analyze the hands and sometimes spar over tricks. Bridge is a team game, consisting of two players called a pair. 1. India now have five points from three matches, while National College Match Finalist 2 points · 4 hours ago. India Vs New Zealand Live Score, ICC World Cup 2019, IND vs NZ Cricket Match at Trent Bridge in Nottingham Live Updates: KARTHIK LAKSHMANAN FROM TRENT BRIDGE: Well, no positive news yet. A game is 3NT, 4 of a major, or 5 of a minor. When playing matchpoints, your score is compared to the other teams that played the same hands, and you receive points as follows: The strategy for winning matchpoint games arises from the peculiarities of the scoring, which is different from rubber bridge. It is believed that the first men came across a 'land bridge,' a large land area that connected Alaska and Siberia. ECatsBridge - promoting real bridge in a virtual world Match Points ; 1: Joy Faulkner & Cecilia Fletcher from Port Alfred Bridge Club - Section B in England The New South Wales Bridge Association (NSWBA) is the administrative body in NSW for the card game bridge. Considering only NS pairs, the pair doing worst scores 0 match points, next best 2, then 4, 6, 8 etc. The total point difference between two scores is compared to a scale ranging from 1 to 24. Batting first Pair 1 John Sherry & Wendy Brailsford; Board Versus Contract By Plus Scores Minus Scores Match Points Top MPs; 1 : 14 : Barbara Roberts Josephine Devlin: 3C+2 Bridge Battle is played on a 12'x12' square field configured as seen above. The scoring is almost same in all three types of bridges, but the bonuses change considerably: 1. Tammy Abraham and Kepa Arrizabalaga both scored first half own goals, alongside National College Match Finalist 2 points · 6 hours ago. Bridge is a card game played with four people who play as two competing teams of two players called "pairs" (North-South and East-West). Upcoming Tournaments. Duplicate Bridge Scoring Chart. Points for each trick required and taken are scored as follows: 20 points in clubs and diamonds, 30 points in hearts and spades, 40 points for trick 7 in notrump and 30 points per trick over trick 7. MPS means match points, you gain them by beating or equalling the other players of the board. IMP:- Butler International Match Points. Gold points are awarded at North American Bridge Championships (NABCs) in national-rated events that have an upper limit of at least 750 masterpoints. Donna was the NPC of Team USA who lost in the finals to the German Team. International Match Points (IMPs) - In international matchpoint scoring, on each board the total point difference between the two scores compared is converted into IMPs according to the following scale: Bridge Scoring – A Tutorial In this tutorial, I will explain how scoring in bridge works and how it affects both the bidding and play. 6 mm) difference 12decallday allday Great World Bridge Day Event Details The WBF is very excited to announce the first ever World Online Bridge Championship, played through Funbridge, BBO and China Bridge Online. Each board has 2 lines. In a typical duplicate session at a bridge club, you enter as a pair with. Select State/Province and City and click "Go" to find your club. IMP-score is usually used in team matches, but it is also used in pair tournament and then it is often called Butler. Subtracting points. The time to “take a flyer” is your last bid, not your first. If the declarer is contracted for a grand slam (6 odd tricks) and he only takes 5 odd tricks, his side still scores for the small slam (50 points). Bridge Blog. Learn how to count points for bridge bidding. Two alliances – one "red" and one "blue" – composed of two teams each, compete in a match. Masterpoints are only awarded to events run by an affiliated club, Region or NZBridge. Our snippet of a traditional example shows all 10 N-S Pairs in the game, but only the 1st two boards. The English Bridge Union Master Points Scheme came into operation in September 1956 and it has been very popular with the players. I don't think you need an ACBL club license to use it. Duplicate bridge card game for beginners. To find out more and book your seats, email our team or call us on 0371 811 1955. Bridge is a 4-player card game played in teams of 2 where bidding is essential for maximizing your score. Goals: Below are the bids in order. Bridge History Rewritten. The players of the same team sit across from each other at a card table. Workington has collected a bit more points over the last 3 matches than Bamber Bridge. Author: Kit Woolsey Matchpoints, originally published in 1982, is one of the absolute classic bridge books. 1 Award per Bridge Program/Program Expansion. Results are scored by allocating match points to each score for each board. As others have said, playing MPs makes every bid and every play count; every single overtrick or undertrick can be critical. to bid game (scoring only 170), you will get two match-points for beating two pairs. The next match at the Mestalla on November Sign In & Start Earning! Please re-enter your password to continue. com) in their offices in Manchester for potential Loan Note purchasers whom may wish to enquire of the Executive Team abilities and integrity OR arrange for East Anglia Bridge Weekend. 15:00 - Swiss Teams, Rounds 5-8 19:00 - Farewell Cocktails in the Lobby Dec 12, 2018 · WorkGroup Bridge mode currently supports only IPv4 traffic. m. 2. for Djokovic". Pull Slider down to see Points per Board Matrix and Travellers. com - Licensed to Brian O'Neill Kinsale Bridge Club Friday 29 Nov Recovered Results Friday 29 November 19 Ranking Pos Pair Players For Personal Score Card, click name and look for new Window or Tab Match Points /Tops Score % Master Points lub- Small Slams Grand Slams 1 2 John Gullery… Aug 19, 2018 · Bonus points for over and under-tricks and slams are the same as normal bridge. At IMP one or two luck outs can decide one's fate. com. Please note that the search tool only lists clubs that have agreed to participate in the club game results program. For years, IBM has been a major employer in Rochester. It's winter time. A partnership has won a "game" when they have accumulated 30 total points below the line. It is called duplicate because the same bridge deal (i. - Bamber Bridge's 10th away match and no away win recorded yet - Bamber Bridge's 10th away match and conceded in every away match: If the match ends in a draw: If the match ends in a draw, Bamber Bridge would remain 3 points ahead of Atherton in the league table, and it would be: - the end of a 5-match losing streak away for Bamber Bridge On-site at Four Points by Sheraton – San Francisco Bay Bridge, Café Four offers a breakfast that includes a variety of à la carte options, including breakfast sandwiches and espresso drinks. E-w vul- East dealer East West 109xx AKxxxx Axxx Kxx J x KQxx 109x East South West North P 3d p p p How to work out the percentage scores in duplicate bridge If you take part in duplicate bridge competitions, either at a club or online, you will find each hand you play is awarded a percentage score. One has a choice of Rubber or Match point scoring. The differences between these two scoring systems often lead to different styles of play. Extended C point table; 3B Points. The following discussion on matchpoint scoring may seem rather complicated. Bangladesh's spirited fight falls short by 48 runs. the specific arrangement of the 52 cards into the four hands) is played at each table and scoring is based on relative performance. There are two main ways to score a duplicate bridge event: IMPs and Matchpoints. Thitsle Work hard for the 3 points. DUPLICATE BRIDGE SCORING The declaring side only scores points if they win the number of tricks they bid (or more). 1 Scoring in Rubber Bridge Short-suit points: If you have a trump fit with partner, add 1 point for a doubleton in a side suit, 2 for a singleton, 3 for a void. I will cover the following topics: Basic Scoring IMP Scoring Match Point Scoring Tactical Considerations Based On Scoring Basic Scoring At the end of the match, the result is the difference in IMPs between the teams. Match was a semi-antagonist on BFDIA. They were hunters and gatherers and did no farming. 3B Pairs; 3B Teams; 5B Points. Info. Onwards and upwards for the boys in Blue who sit level with Ajax and Valencia on 7 points. Below is our guide which can be bookmarked in your web browser, downloaded to the home screen on your mobile device, or printed and used in real-life Bridge games with your friends. Certain Bridge and the Executive Team are prepared, if so required for comfort purposes, to facilitate, either a face to face meeting with Certain Bridge s Solicitors (www. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. View entire discussion (4 comments) More posts from the QuestBridge community. For 5C or 5D, 29+ points. IMP DIFFERENCE VICTORY POINTS . A full written analysis of all 36 deals will be available for download by clubs. This is an application designed by duplicate bridge players, for duplicate bridge players. net to get your custom calendar of bridge games, and to access the tools to upload the results for each game. Student Resource Center. 2. Comparehow it works to Matchpoints, and the best play considerations. When playing matchpoints, your score is compared to the other teams that played the same hands, and you receive points as follows:  How does the strategy at matchpoints differ from rubber bridge or other forms? Mainly in the play. Anyone under the age of 18 attending a movie beginning after 8:00 p. Match report 30 April. At rubber bridge, if you bid a vulnerable 4H and win all 13 tricks, you may be satisfied with bidding your game and winning the rubber, even if you and your partner had 35 high-card points. Bobby Richman was the first Emerald Grand Master having achieved more than 10,000 masterpoints. Not all elements are included in all game variants and the method of accumulation of the elements over several deals varies. Nov 05, 2019 · A stunning three-goal comeback saw Chelsea and nine-man Ajax share the points in a 4-4 thriller at Stamford Bridge. Most club bridge is match-pointed pairs,  24 May 2019 Basic rules of Contract Bridge - rubber, duplicate and other North-South Matchpoints NS EW Contract By Tricks Plus Minus NS EW 1 8 4S N  Many experienced bridge players regard teams as the we compare the difference in scores on the boards against a scale of IMPS (international match points). Both rocker and pin bearings are mainly employed in steel bridge structure. This isn’t directly related to the number of points you scored, but tells you how well you did […] Free online bridge. There's something special about these evenings as nightfall. 3. FC United of Manchester and Bamber Bridge have scored almost the same goals on average over the last 3 matches. All the boards are played by all pairs and match points are given according to the scores they have gained. It's much better. goals, short run. This post contributed by Tom Evans of Leigh Bridge Club Reply from Jeff Smith Jun 13, 2019 · Live Cricket Score IND vs NZ in Cricket World Cup 2019 Match 18, Also Check India vs NZ live match score, live streaming of IND vs NZ, IND vs NZ ball by ball commentary: IND vs NZ Playing XI, time Dec 03, 2019 · Pos Pair Players Match Points /Tops Score % Master Points Not in use; 1 : 4: George Przybylek & Waldek Poplawski: 126/ 200: 63. Motivation can be easily lost in this condition, the opponent will receive a small bonus. Read Expert Analysis on the Game. In a Knockout match, as the name implies, if you lose you’re out of the event. Then unlock an additional offer. If the contract is made, the score for each such deal consists of: Contract points, assigned to each odd trick bid and made Matchpoint Strategy. Largest bridge site in the world. Vulnerability is a system of varying the Bridge scoring in a game and with each hand in duplicate bridge the North-South partnership and the East-West partnership are designated as either vulnerable or not vulnerable and this is assigned by a label on the bridge board or on the bidding pad (in computer bridge) Contract Bridge Hand Score Calculator. If you finish in approximately the top third of your field, you will receive Master Points. Now all points in P1 are “bridged”, i. A game on a duplicate contract bridge tournament is analysed. Password Aug 04, 2015 · If you reason this out and remove the contract to 2 hearts and it is the correct decision, in match points you are likely to get a near top. Nantwich Town is ranking much better than Bamber Bridge. This is not the same as the scores your teammates produce at Victory Points when you sit out, but it seems that way. Bridge Team Win-Loss (IMP) Scoring and Victory Point Scoring and How They Influence Strategy & Tactics by Bob Gruber In a Bridge Team Game, whether you’re playing Win-Loss (using International Match Points, IMPs) or Victory Point (VP) scoring, your strategy is different than in Duplicate pairs scoring. A bridge can be a great way to grab the attention of the people listening to your song! Your bridge should add contrast to your song by including musical and lyrical elements that are unique from the rest Adams County Paleo-Indian District One of the Largest Paleo Indian Sites in North America which has produced over 100 fluted points. Duplicate bridge is the most widely used variation of contract bridge in club and tournament play. M. Scoring in bridge is a cumulative process that takes in several factors when you play an actual rubber. Bonuses in bridge Instant Matchpoint Games For 20 years (1987-2006) Richard Pavlicek prepared and analyzed the deals for the continent-wide ACBL Instant Matchpoint Game. Our primary objective is to promote the growth of duplicate bridge in our area. It would be impossible to score  22 Nov 2009 (In “The Complete Book of Duplicate Bridge,” the authors, Fred Karpin, and the patient lived, but did not get healthier (gain match points). 4 Responding to the Openings at the 2 Level. The mere fact that you are reading this tells me that you are interested in learning more about our wonderful game of Victory Points: Victory point scales are used in round robin or Swiss team events with IMP scoring. A game contract is the number of tricks required to score 100 points. It mainly reflects my own experience in a 10-12 and 12-14 environment although the principles discussed are universal. Bridge play is begun with an auction–a series of bids–begun by the dealer and continuing until there are three consecutive passes. The NSW Bridge Association. The first team to score game twice wins the rubber. P. ” It's nice to  Introduction. Consider what the norm will do. 14:15 - Sweet Hour on the terrace. Chapter 4 - THE CLUB SANCTIONED BRIDGE GAME ----- ACBL issues sanctions that authorize the holder to run duplicate bridge games at which ACBL masterpoints are awarded, thus permitting ACBL members and others to compete on a regular basis in their own community. Consider using 15-17 points as the range for your opening 1NT bids. Wait for enemy troops to cross, then detonate them. The best advanced book on matchpoint tactics, theory and strategy. Matches consist of a twenty-second autonomous period followed by two minutes of driver-controlled play. Bonus points. league standing. e. Nov 28, 2018 · What scoring should be used playing pairs? IMP or MP? I personally feel it should be MP. Your aim is to bid and make a game. The next Regina Sectional is April 30 – May 3, 2020 at the Eastview Community Centre. Pair 6 Gerald Keeling & Doreen Knight; Board Versus Contract By Plus Scores Minus Scores Match Points Top MPs; 1 : 24 : Margaret Johnson Margaret Hartley: 3H Nov 07, 2019 · How to play the bridge card game. Matchpoints. Photograph: Sarah Ansell/Getty Images Kagiso Rabada has been suspended from next week’s second Test Fig. At matchpoint scoring it makes no difference by how much your score differs from other scores. over the world and was listed in ACBL's most influential 52 all-time bridge people . Free to download. K. Bridge scoring consists of nine elements. Bing helps you turn information into action, making it faster and easier to go from searching to doing. We proudly manufacture and retail quality bridge supplies and publish bridge books, including many that have won the ABTA Book of the Year Award. Match Points •Each board is played at multiple tables •At the end of the game, a pair gets a number of points for each board equal to the number of pairs that they beat on that particular board (match points) •The final ranking is determined by the total number of match points won by each pair 10/4/2017 Bridge Links. they are connected by a line to a point on P2. He gives comple- mentary matchpoint scores to East-. Soon they become a standard in your mind. Official website of Bridge of Don Thistle J. So Many Ways to Earn. Victory Points - A method of scoring multiple team events, where the actual score in International Match Points for each round is converted to Victory Point numeric scale. When used with Operational Amplifiers, the Wheatstone bridge circuit can be used to measure and amplify small changes in resistance, R X due, for example, to changes in light intensity as we have seen above. Bridge Street Town Centre Age Policy. As the entire length of the bridge is in tangent, the match-cast segment was merely placed on form centerline. A small slam is a contract at the 6-level. Dec 01, 2019 · Shortage points are added to high cards points for shapely bridge hands. ” Pos: Pair: Players: Match Points /Tops: Score % 1 : 3: Roy Parekh & Ernie Jacenyik: 115/ 180: 63. ECL Match v Bedfordshire - 7 Jan 2018 Match is a female contestant in Battle for Dream Island and Battle for Dream Island Again. 50 +72. Newspapers stressed that the world number who is now level on five Wimbledon titles with Bjorn Borg is the first man in 70 years to win the title after recovering from two match points down. In duplicate bridge the cards are not shuffled at the start of each hand, you play the same boards as other players and your aim is to do better than other players do on the board. In North America, the original victory point scale was the 20-point scale. IN GEAR UP cohort schools include (link to map): an opening bid; 6 or more points to respond (however, see #5). 10:30 - Pairs Tournament. The regional bridge site for Sydney North bridge clubs and players. It is not that any one of these reasons are decisive taken alone, but taken together, I think they support doing an analysis before you pass 1NT. Maximum award amount is $80,000 per summer bridge program, awarded in one disbursement for the development or expansion of a summer bridge program for IN GEAR UP cohort students entering 11th grade in fall 2020. Therefore, it should have the Superelevation Flag set. Your anomalous hand of the decade has not changed the basic math of bridge. The system is ideal for use by impromptu or casual partnerships and as a basis for discussion by those who wish to formulate their own system. Handicapped A quick-start guide to the National College Match application. 90 20 3 = 2 Hilda Perceval-Price & Anne Hughes 158/ 288 54. If North-South gain 16 match- points (here the top score) then East-. When scoring a rubber, think of yourself and your partner as “We” and the opponents For events that aren’t scored using Match Points, we convert the scores to something equivalent in Match Points percentages. I hope you enjoy the analyses herein, and maybe, for once, you can prove to your partner that he was wrong and you were right. A wide range of online lessons and resources. Examines all of the crucial aspects of duplicate bridge. For example, 2 doubled making 4 is worth 670, but 4 doubled making 4 is only worth 590. All 720 deals are archived here, complete with hand records, matchpoint awards and analyses. Gold points are awarded for overall positions and for section firsts in all two-session regional-rated events with an upper limit of at least 750 masterpoints at NABCs and regional tournaments. Group H is poised on a knife edge as Chelsea and Ajax share the points in a 4 - 4 thriller to remember. No points are won for the first six tricks. Match. European Bridge League 10th Main Tournament Directors Course. 30pm Please be seated by 12. So how are IMPs and Match Points different? IMPs are International Match Points and are a way of scoring Team Games where 4 to 6 players compete against another team. Duplicate Bridge is fun to play, but totaling up the match points and determining the winner at the end can be difficult. The 1 st world has 20 degrees, and each degree is a tough puzzle. Whenever we mentioned Six-Handed bridge, there was a lot of interest and amazement. 3A Pairs; 3A Teams & Swiss Pairs; 5A Points. systems for maximum performance and planning. Jun 13, 2019 · The 2019 Cricket World Cup match between India and New Zealand was abandoned due to persistent rain at Trent Bridge, Nottingham on Thursday. So the match point per table for a four tables tournament is 6. must be accompanied by an adult age 21 or over. Key words: duplicate bridge tournament, match-point scores, permutation model, subset section  The first side to score 100 trick points below the line wins the game and becomes A pair that cannot play on the specified day must make up the match. 33 : 3 : 6 Match. Online calculator which is used to calculate the contract bridge scoring at different bid stages. Now all points on P1 and P2 are bridged. A 1NT opening often gives you a bidding advantage because your responses are so well defined and your opponents will find it more difficult to enter your auction. 33: 2: 7: Marcia Wrixon & Gerry Wrixon +58. SC 2. It was the fourth wash-out of the ongoing ICC World Cup 2019 and the weather has already riled up some of the fans on social media. 003 ft, (0. New Zealand silence the critics with a display of lethal attacking that will strike dread into all other challengers. Kit discusses every aspect of bridge -- constructive   WHAT IS TOURNAMENT BRIDGE? Tournament Bridge . You need a good understanding of matchpoint scoring in order to understand strategies around bidding, playing the hand, and defending. Kit discusses every aspect of bridge -- constructive bidding, competitive bidding, declarer play, defense -- from the perspective of matchpoint expectation: how many matchpoints will I win if I am right, and how many matchpoints will I lose if I am wrong? Oct 17, 2019 · How to Bid in Bridge. FC United of Manchester and Bamber Bridge have collected almost the same points over the last 10 matches. The strategy more closely resembles matchpoints, since making an overtrick can be the difference between a zero and a one. Instructions for Completing a Score Template for a Howell Movement 1. On scoring duplicate bridge for U3A Thursdays Harvey Wallace 15/4/05 Page 3 of 7 Allocating Match Points In order to determine winners for the session, we must calculate match points for each board. Stories and advice about the application process, featuring insight from admissions officers, QuestBridge Scholars, and QuestBridge Staff. Email Address. 27. 1 - The Number of Match Points per Table. Victory Points use the margin of victory in each match to gauge each team's performance. WorkGroup Bridge mode is not supported across a Single Point Setup. 1 point added for a doubleton,two points for a singleton and 5 points for a void. 002-ft (0. I'm talking about the weekly games held at clubs. Using player examples, find out why this is good for everyone The “Total Hands” column shows how many different bridge hands are possible for the given distribution. 1 Jun 2008 International Match Point(s). At duplicate bridge (where every table plays the same deals), every deal is scored separately and no part scores are  When playing teams bridge a system of scoring is used called International Match Points (IMPs). Obviously you shouldn't submit the scores if you aren't a valid club. The bridge match is best two out of three. 89 : 2 : 4: Ailsa Forster & Peter Forster: 105/ 180: 58. Victory Point scales vary from country to country; here are the two common scales used in North America for multi-Board per Match Swiss Team games larryco. 5 200 8 5 4H W 0 2 200 200 0 0 0 1. Start studying Bridge Lingo. NOTE: Version 16 now has the C-points corrected and should be consistent with those allocated by NZ Bridge, including factoring of points for tournaments. 29 30 2 11 George Bloch & Jacqui Bloch 161/ 288 55. The Top Match point or T. Swiss Teams***, Four to six people playing short matches. 6. Read about Bobby’s achievements here. Sometimes there is then a further conversion of this margin into a match result, in which some fixed number of victory points is apportioned between the teams. Chapter 15 Construction Survey Procedures 15-01 General In performing construction surveying, preparation is a major part of the operation. Not any recent match between Nantwich Town and Bamber Bridge has been found. The best and worst part of this event is the “instant matchpoints. For the final results sheet, the match point scores are converted to a percentage. Dublicate bridge is mainly played in clubs, tournaments and matches. There are several different formats in duplicate bridge as well as a variety of forms of scoring. Note that the more silly the opponents' double, the more points you get. Most partnerships today will arrive at a reasonable contract with no opposition bidding. Jack's Party Bridge was designed for you! Don’t miss it! Dec 06, 2019 · lazybridge Friday, December 6, 2019. Liverpool have a chance today to take back that five point lead at the top of the table, so hopes are high at Stamford Bridge. KARACHI, March 29, 2012 (Balochistan Times): Precision Marathon lived up to their billing by retaining their title in style in National Bridge Championship when they hammered Islamabads JK team in the final 138-99 International Match Points (IMPs) at Lahore Gymkhana on Tuesday. Forgot Password — If you have forgotten your password, click here to get it. 5 200 20 In International Match Point (IMP) scoring, the difference in total points scored (or "swing") is converted to IMPs using  Duplicate Contract Bridge Match point scoring by Michael Furstner. 77 Sep 22, 2019 · Pre-Match . Joan Butts Learning Centre. com Bridge - Bridge - Duplicate and tournament bridge: Bridge is played in three principal forms: rubber, Chicago, and duplicate. 10A Pairs; 10A Teams & Swiss Pairs; 15A Points. The lowest point score receive nil points, the second lowest 2 points, the score above that 4 points, and so on. A game is won by getting a "contract" score of 100 or more points over several deals if necessary. Additional roadway work between the temporary detour tie-in points and the normal bridge touchdown points is not eligible for SGR funds unless approved by the District Bridge Engineer. Assuming good defense, it still takes 26 points on average to make 3NT and 23 points to make 2NT. The difference in points is converted to IMPS using the table shown, which is intended to retain rubber bridge scoring but reduce the effect of one large score in a match. larryco. Rocker and pin bearing should be considered when the bridge movement is adequately known and described, since such bearings can make rooms for both translational and rotational movements in one direction only. Pauline Gumby and Paul Lavings have also achieved Emerald Grand Master status. Nov 07, 1973 · Tournament play for match points has one more dimension than rubber bridge‐‐the players have to worry not only about what is happening at their own tables but also about “the field. NSWBA So we just need to keep working hard and I think when the time comes around, we will be ready for them. If you are keeping score, points received by your side are entered in the "We" column and the opponents' points are placed in the "They" column. goes to the pair who  13 Apr 2019 Matchpoints-- You are compared to many other pairs and are trying to get a high average and above on each board you play. Blow up 100% of the bridge and eliminate all troops to score 3 stars. Score Match Points Errors 19 2 3 4H W 0 1 100 100 0 0 0 0 0 2 100 7 4 4H W 0 2 200 200 0 0 0 1. March 4th and 5th 2017. Most duplicate players use the 15-17 range (rather than 16-18) because it allows them to open more hands with 1NT. Weekly Duplicate Bridge Club. ABF. This scores a bonus of 300 points (or 500 if vulnerable). Mortaza hits a boundary before he is caught off the final ball of the innings as Australia collect two valuable points and continue their march towards securing a semi-final berth. Being 10  Match Pointed Pairs is the standard scoring format for club duplicate bridge Imps is short for International Match Points but are always simply known as imps. points, short run. Jul 22, 2019 · Plant C4 bombs anywhere on the bridge. Poly bridge Free features an actual element and also this may be the trick to completing this match. 86 5 Jul 07, 2017 · Kagiso Rabada will not play for South Africa at Trent Bridge after he was banned by the ICC. Its associated bridge club the Sydney Bridge Centre with premises in the Sydney CBD, Rozelle and Henley provides duplicate sessions catering for players of all levels. The goal of Bridge is to be the team at the end of the match with the most total points. San Pedro Friday 6 December 19 Back to Main Menu Travellers Ranking Match Points /Tops Score % Master Points Not in use; 1 : 6: Register for MyACBL — If you do not already have a password and want to register for access to your online profile. When the hand belongs to the opponents, or in a competitive auction, don’t hesitate to get in their way. Champions League football is back at the bridge. powered by ClubHub UpFront Site Map New Bridge Documentary Trailer Check out this official trailer for “The Kids Table” about a group of young 20 somethings that were curious about the attraction of bridge. A traditional presentation follows. It's match day for it is Chelsea against IXL a quick reminder for you of the teams and he starts this evening. 9. Of course you'll also throw some points away but assuming you throw away fewer  A description of the Butler Pairs Scoring System at the Bridge table, by SBC. Read about Chelsea v Spurs in the Premier League 2017/18 season, including lineups, stats and live blogs, on the official website of the Premier League. Funbridge is an online bridge game allowing you to learn and play duplicate bridge wherever and whenever you like. Third, match-pointing alters the strategy of bridge in subtle ways. The 2013 German Cheating Scandal rocked the bridge world and opened up a whole new viewpoint on high-level cheating. 8B Pairs; 8B Teams; 3A Points. Sometimes the event is organized  22 Nov 2017 Source: Andrew Gumperz Blogspot. Bamber Bridge and Workington have similar odds, the prediction will be probably affected by a bigger uncertainty. com continues to redefine the way single men and single women meet, flirt, date and fall in love, proving time and again that you can make love happen through online dating and that lasting relationships are possible. With match points, that one seemingly unimportant overtrick is as important as finding a biddable vulnerable grand slam worth 2210 points on another board. Create a CLUB Account (to publish game results on this website) Club Administrators: Click here to request a CLUB account on BridgeResults. The match (called a rubber) ends when a team wins 2 games. In this seven table competition the maximum match points on a single board is 12 (6 x 2). 30 PM UK Time, which is about 6 PM IST. Aug 14, 2019 · For the most part, you shouldn’t think too much about the form of scoring. New pieces much match the numbers on one of the existing pieces. The Wheatstone Bridge has many uses in electronic circuits other than comparing an unknown resistance with a known resistance. All international competitions are scored this way and work so well that they have been adopted for all club and tournament scoring. In bridge, to make game, you need to score 100 points. In teams the other score is the score achieved by the other table in the match. card play techniques books fundamental strategy 'C' Points Master points awarded for each session are now displayed. com singles are serious about finding love. That is where the Duplicate Bridge Scoring App can make your life easier Club game-Flight B opponents. She was on the Squishy Cherries team and was on Team No-Name until Pencil made a new team called FreeSmart in "Get in the Van", and she joined along with Book, Ice Cube, Bubble, and Ruby. of the Red Sea Lounge. A rubber is completed when one pair becomes first to win two games, each game presenting a score of 100 or more contract points; a new game ensues until one pair has won two games to conclude the rubber. Scarborough took the lead in just the fourth minute, captain Michael Coulson converting a penalty into the bottom corner after being pulled down in the box. A double in a contract that always goes one down can turn your average match score into top score. 14: Chelsea and nine-man Ajax played out a remarkable 4-4 draw as Frank Lampard's men roared back from 4-1 down and were denied a late winner by VAR. You'll probably have to spend some time learning it. 9 Jun 2019 The various attempts to reduce the random effects take the form of a variety of ad hoc non-linear score corrections, matchpoints, IMPs and, most  So every sport has it's unique scoring method and Bridge is no exception (except . Stay between October 29, 2019, and January 14, 2020, to earn. We use your session grades for all the events that comprise your most recent 2000 boards and take a weighted average of these to produce your updated current grade. How to Score Duplicate Bridge Hands Page 2 of 7 Important Definitions: A partscore contract is any contract less than game. Get 2,000 bonus points. points will be limited to what is required for a smooth transition back into the existing roadway in accordance with CSE and Chapter 6. While exact casualties for the Battle of Stamford Bridge are not known, reports suggest that Harold's army suffered a large number of killed and wounded and that Hardrada's was nearly destroyed. glaisyers. There are five ways to score points in a wrestling match: 1) Takedown - (2 points) You score two points for taking your opponent down to the mat and controlling him/her. Detailed information about recommendations and writing essays. At Matchpoints, the number of total points by which you beat another score has no value at all. The weighting of older sessions declines linearly and Contract value (30 points for each trick in majors and no trump, 20 points for each trick in minors); add 10 for a no trump contract: x: 2 Multiply lines 1 and 2 Base points = 3 Additional tricks; In case of a non-doubled and non-redoubled contract, 30 points for each additional trick in major and no trump, 20 points for each additional trick the major organization of bridge writers international match points a form of duplicate-bridge scoring intervene after an opposing opening bid, to make the first non-pass call for one's side intervening bid overcall intervenor the player who intervenes; doubler, overcaller or cue-bidder; advancer's partner intervention Great Bridge Links is a site with card game links, contract bridge news, bridge software, bridge resources, learn to play bridge schools and sites, bridge blogs, bridge tournament calendar, play bridge online clubs, and more links for duplicate and contract bridge players and card lovers around the world. Select all points on P2 that are not bridged and connect them to their closest point on P1. The scoring for the Swiss games and Knockouts is International Match Points (IMPs). Duplicate Bridge is either played in pairs or teams. Master Points Explained; Points Tables. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. and C. This is usually done once you know you have a fit with partner . A type of scoring in which one's score is always 0, 1, or one half, representing your team's doing worse, better, or exactly equal to the other team. Most bridge sessions played at both club and tournament level of affiliated clubs, are played for Master Points. Of course there is still an element of luck in Bridge for the reasons laid out. A. Jun 25, 2008 · The Lusaka Bridge Club 22nd World Wide Bridge 7080 Sunday 8 June 08 Back to Main Menu Travellers Match Points Master Pts Small Grand Pair MPs/Max Score% (Not in use) Slams Slams 1 4 Enza Marinelli & Shiraz Limbada 109/192 = 56. Rubbers, Pairs, Matchpoints, Teams, IMPs, Victory points? – What's it all  The simplest way of putting this is to say that you score two points for every pair you beat on a given board. The dinner menu offers personalized burgers and salads, signature soups, sandwiches, wraps, and small bites in a casual atmosphere. Mar 28, 2006 · Matchpoints [Kit Woolsey] on Amazon. All College Placement students are required to attend the academy for five weeks over an 18-24 month period. no. Feed the exploded polylines P1 and P2 and their bridge lines into wbWeave component to get a mesh. The Australian Bridge Federation website. Study the contract plans, special provisions, Standard Plans, Standard Specifications, the plan quantities, Construction Manual, and the contractor’s proposal. Prague 2016 Calculate the matchpoints for both pairs playing in 3♢, if North would make it  So you've decided to try duplicate bridge and want to know what to expect? . Would think computer scoring would be essential for this method but it definitely has its merits and I would be quite keen to try it. I matched to Princeton and chose Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering as my first choice. ACBL score. The “Probability” column shows the probability of getting a bridge hand with the indicated distribution. ABF Masterpoints Centre. The pairs scoring module will score using match points, Butler scoring, or aggregate scoring for single or multi-section, single or 2 Matchday packages for all home fixtures are available now, and include your match ticket, pre and post-match entertainment as well as dining and drinks options. Duplicate, tournaments, money games, vugraph, more. Click here to open the tournament flyer for this event. If you have played rubber bridge you will be familiar with points being scored above and below the line and, if you have played in a team event, you may be familiar with IMP's (International Match Points) The Australian Bridge Federation uses Matchpoint Scoring to calculate results and Awards can be searched by Player name, ABF Number, Club or Event. Matchpoint Scoring To quote from the Laws of Duplicate Contract Bridge 1987, matchpoint scoring functions as follows: . There is plenty on the Web about constructive bidding over 1NT and this page focuses on 1NT tactical aspects. Nov 14, 2019 · Marvels of engineering, artefacts of history, and, most importantly, ways of getting from A to B, bridges are often focal points for their cities, channelling populations across river, canyon, or Bridge serves to remind us that sport doesn’t have to be about who is the strongest, the fastest or the most dextrous; it’s also about mental fortitude. Most decisions that are correct at IMPs will also be correct, or at least reasonable, at MPs. Find low everyday prices and buy online for delivery or in-store pick-up Jun 13, 2019 · India vs New Zealand Live Score, 2019 ICC Cricket World Cup: Persistent rain in Nottingham throughout the day forced the umpires to call off the match without toss. Various methods have been devised to ensure that the competition is as fair as possible. F. 00 : 2 : 3: Helen Jarvis & Phil Turcotte Match point per table for a two tables tournament is 2 points, and 2 match points are added for each added table. When you are scoring with IMP, you take your score on a board and compare it with another score. The reader may recall that No-Trump scores 40 for the first odd-trick and 30 for each additional trick, while major-suit A match of Bridge is played as a best 2 out of 3 games. You get one matchpoint for each score you beat, whether the difference is 10 points or Find answers for the crossword clue: Match point, in bridge. In the event the iron bars are too shortthe bridge will probably crack once you take the freight through it. Match report: Reds claim the points at Stamford Bridge again Chris Shaw @__ChrisShaw Dejan Lovren and Jordan Henderson struck first-half goals as Liverpool secured an excellent 2-1 victory over Chelsea at Stamford Bridge on Friday night. A game is won when a team reaches 100 game points. Founded in 1980, Baron Bridge Supply soon purchased Barclay's in New York and became the biggest bridge supply company around -- Baron Barclay. We will start by looking at the scoring used for both IMPs and match- points. Responder can never pass a 2 opening. There is no data to evaluate the direct matches performance of the two teams. The official website for the East Coast Bays Bridge Club, bridge lessons, bridge training, playing cards 29 Match Points . And that’s why we love to play it here at Benoni Northerns. 10:00 - Swiss Teams, Rounds 1-4. Bridge - Bridge - The development of the game: Bridge was probably born of three-hand whist games. card card to lead - Bidding Guide p. match points in bridge

Like This? Get Our Daily Email

Comments

  1. PatrickM